Diabetes is a disease that can affect both adults and children, and occurs when glucose blood levels are higher than they should be. High glucose levels can lead to a number of serious conditions, ranging from liver failure to cardiovascular disease. Luckily, many with diabetes can maintain their illness, by eating a well balanced diet that won’t increase glucose levels.
The first step in a diet for a diabetic is portion control. Blood glucose levels can greatly increase after a large meal, especially if it has a large amount of carbohydrates. Eating five or six small meals each day rather than three large ones can be beneficial, since smaller meals can keep the glucose levels at a constant level. Also, eating smaller meals can help one to lose or maintain a healthy weight, which can be helpful for those with diabetes.
Avoiding sweets and foods that are high in sugar is the next step, since they will directly increase the glucose levels in the blood. Even just one cookie contains enough sugar to result in a high glucose level, which can in return cause damage to other organs in the body. These foods provide little to no nutritional value to even those without diabetes, and they should be avoided by those struggling with sugar levels in the blood. Sugar free alternatives are available, but should only be eaten on occasion.
Carbohydrates and natural sugars must also be limited in a diabetic’s diet, since even natural sugars can have an effect on blood glucose levels. Fresh, frozen, and even dried fruits should be eaten in small portions, and should be paired with high protein foods to help balance them out. Food items that are high in carbohydrate levels should also be limited, but are okay to eat when consumed in only small portions.
A diabetic should consume mainly fresh ingredients, such as lean cuts of meat and fresh or frozen vegetables. While fruits and grains should be limited to small portions, they should also be included in almost every meal. Substitutions should be made for any foods that are high in natural or added sugars, such as replacing yogurt with a sugar free alternative.
Taking a daily vitamin can also be beneficial to those diagnosed with diabetes, but it should always be discussed with a doctor to make sure it doesn’t interact with any current medications. A daily vitamin supplement can help to supply the body with the necessary vitamins and nutrients it needs, in order to maintain a healthy immune system and normal organ function.
Although vitamins alone cannot cure a disease, they are very beneficial since they provide the organs with everything they need to function on a daily basis. Various types of multivitamins are available over-the-counter, many of which target certain age groups to target certain age related deficiencies.
Maintaining health through diet is a great way to manage diabetes, since a healthy diet can prevent some patients from having to take medication on a daily basis. By eating small portions and avoiding foods that can cause glucose increases, maintaining diabetes through diet can be easily achieved.