Diabetes mellitus is a host of metabolic diseases that occurs when a person suffers from high level of blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a kind of diabetes that occurs due to the body’s failure in producing enough insulin and demands external injection of insulin. The absence of optimal insulin leads to an increased level of glucose in urine and blood. An increased level of blood sugar is the reason behind different common symptoms such as increased hunger, increased thirst, frequent urination and severe weight loss.
The Type 1 diseases can have fatal consequences unless the patient is treated with doses of insulin. Insulin is administered in different ways; the most common process involves injection. In recent years, inhaled insulin and insulin pumps are also used as medication. Most of the individuals who suffer from this disease are usually healthy.
The treatment for type 1 has to be sustained indefinitely. The diabetes treatment does not significantly disrupt the normal routine of the patient if the individual takes appropriate care, has the awareness and proper training to continue the medication without fail. However, the treatment for some can become quite burdensome. Also complications may arise with both the low and higher sugar level. Low amount of blood sugar can lead to attacks and a sudden episode of unconsciousness and demands immediate medical attention and treatment. On the other hand, higher level of blood sugar can result in fatigue and a long-term damage of the organs.
No particular cause behind diabetes type 1 has been discovered. The evidences so far indicate that it can be induced by a combination of the patient’s genetic susceptibility, as well as exposure to any driving antigen. Researchers have also suggested several risk factors that can add to the problem.
Genetics play a huge role in diabetes. A host of genes contribute to this problem. A group of researchers insist that in most of the patients the immune system of their bodies mistakenly targets and destroys the islet or insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas while destroying the harmful virus and bacteria. Environmental factors can also influence the expressions of type 1. Some researchers say that diet may also play a role in it. It can influence the immune functions of the gut, gut flora as well as the intestinal permeability. It is found that wheat has a particular connection with the development of diabetes mellitus type 1. Some drugs and chemicals can also adversely affect the sugar levels. However, an individual must seek immediate medical attention when he suffers from the common diabetic symptoms.
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Article by Jenny, content writer at Inter-Dev Internet Marketing Company